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9 myths about stroke Health Materials Snob site

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9 Myths about Stroke – Health – Site Materials – Snob

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According to the World Health Organization, stroke ranks second in the list of causes of death worldwide. At the same time, it is increasingly overgrown with myths, and very few people know why it occurs, how to prevent it, and what to do if a stroke still happened. « Snob» collected nine popular misconceptions about stroke, and the chief doctor of the rehabilitation clinic « Three sisters» Dmitry Kukhino denied them

Photo: Getty Images 1. A stroke is an independent disease. In fact, this is a complication or consequence of one or more chronic diseases. The stroke is lightning fast, and it was not for nothing that in the past it was called “apoplexy”. It can be compared to an explosion that never arises from nowhere. The most common cause of acute cerebrovascular accident (ONMK) – as doctors call a stroke – is atherosclerosis, a disease that affects the human circulatory system. It leads to the fragility of blood vessels, bursting of so-called atherosclerotic plaques and the formation of a blood clot at the site of damage. If a blood clot does not dissolve and continues to grow, then in the end it breaks off and is carried away along the course of the vessel with arterial blood flow. If a blood clot closes the brain vessel, then a stroke occurs. Atherosclerosis is accelerated by hypertension, high cholesterol and blood sugar.

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2. Stroke can not be preventedThis is not the case. There are two types of risk nandrolone decanoate injection factors that lead to stroke. Some are called non-modifiable: they cannot be influenced. For example, they include gender and age. But other factors – modifiable – a person can easily control. Among them are cholesterol and blood sugar, pressure and weight.

According to statistics, men have a stroke more often than women, and after 55 years the risk of stroke increases twice every 10 years. Moreover, if you follow the pressure, monitor blood sugar and cholesterol levels, the risk is significantly reduced. This process can be compared with a seat belt in a car: if you are fastened, you cannot completely eliminate the probability of an accident, while the chances of surviving, if it does happen, are much greater.

Photo: Getty Images 3. A stroke only threatens the elderly. Unfortunately, a stroke can even be in children. When a child is in the womb, his lungs do not work yet, and in the heart there is a hole through which blood flows. Then the child is born, blood circulation begins through the lungs, and the opening closes. But sometimes this does not happen: instead of dissolving in the lungs, a venous thrombus enters the arterial circulatory system through this uncharged opening, and from there into the brain – as a result, a stroke occurs. Therefore, if the hole does not close itself, it is closed surgically.

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Strokes happen in young people. As a rule, this is due to genetic features. Congenital diabetes or increased thrombus formation can lead to a stroke. But genetics does not determine everything. For example, sometimes during childbirth, the pressure on women is very high, and because of this, a stroke can also occur.

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4. Stroke always ends with paralysis. If you cut your finger, recovery processes will immediately start in your body. The same with stroke. A stroke does not always end with paralysis, but even if part of the body is paralyzed, mobility can be restored. As a rule, 50% of the motor activity after a stroke is restored in the first three months, if you immediately start working on it. We do not think when we brush our teeth and brew tea. But for a person who has survived a stroke, even such simple actions turn out to be difficult. Therefore, at the initial stage, rehabilitation is extremely important: the implementation of certain exercises and movements will speed up the process and make it more efficient deca durabolin for sale. The final part of the recovery begins a year later, when healthy parts of the brain take over the function of the dead. For example, the part of the brain that is responsible for the leg, can take over the functions of the hand. Of course, the hand will not be as mobile as before, but it will be able to perform certain actions.

5. A repeated stroke always leads to death. Fortunately, it is not. It also happens that people experience five strokes. In general, medicine is actively developing, the medical community is becoming more educated and can determine the causes of stroke in time and prescribe the necessary prophylaxis. In addition, there are many educational projects that popularize this topic, tell you how to recognize a stroke, what to pay attention to and what help to give in the first place. In the aggregate, all this leads to the fact that today repeated strokes occur much less frequently than before.

Getty Images

6. With symptoms of a stroke, you can take a pill and lie down at home, and an ambulance should be called only as a last resort. This is a mistake. You can not stay at home: in the end it can cost life. According to statistics, 30% of strokes are fatal, so timely help is critical. In addition, stroke tends to progress. You can draw the following analogy: if you pinch a finger with a door, it is a stroke, and the subsequent edema is a stroke progress. Accordingly, in the first few days, signs of a stroke increase, and the person’s condition may worsen. As a rule, patients in this state are placed in intensive care wards: here they are constantly monitored for their condition and provide all necessary assistance. In addition, in 25–30% of cases, one stroke should be followed by another, and prevention is important to prevent this.

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Photo: Getty Images 7. Smoking, alcohol and stress do not affect the risk of stroke. This is not true. Proved that lifestyle affects the risk of stroke. For example, smoking causes accelerated atherosclerosis. Alcohol in moderate doses does not hurt, but testosterone cypionate injection if it is abused, the pressure may increase, and as a result there is a risk of a hypertensive crisis. Stress can also trigger a stroke. When a person is nervous, there is an adrenaline rush, heartbeat quickens and pressure increases.

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Exercise is important for the prevention of stroke. It preserves the elasticity of blood vessels and increases the number of receptors that capture cholesterol and sugar, thereby preventing them from rising. That is why people with diabetes are often recommended to do gymnastics.

8. You can recover from a stroke with the help of a robot. With this you can argue. Indeed, sometimes recovery takes place with the help of robots: a person is placed in a harness, secured with straps, click on certain buttons, and the robot starts to follow him. A patient who has been lying for a long time gets the illusion that he can walk freely. But it often gives the opposite effect. When it is disconnected from the system, it turns out that it cannot move, and the euphoria and hope were false. It is important that stroke affects the brain tissue, not the limbs. To restore the neuron need to repeat the task. Passive repositioning of the arms and legs without feedback does not contribute to the restoration of motor function. The patient himself must make an effort. This process can be compared to playing the guitar: when you learn, you need to independently and repeatedly take chords until you get the result.

9. During rehabilitation, the main thing is to learn to move again. Of course, the restoration of motor functions is extremely important. But that is not all. Imagine that you would go to a school where only mathematics is taught. You would not know neither language, nor biology, nor physicists and would be unilaterally developed.

After a stroke, interdisciplinary rehabilitation is also important. Therefore, it is recommended to take place in special centers where several specialists work with the patient at once, including a physical therapist, a speech therapist and a cognitive psychologist who deals with memory, thinking and pragmatics.

Why is it important? Sometimes it happens that the patient can move, but he also has memory problems. For example, he always forgets to turn off the gas. A cognitive psychologist helps to restore such functions.

During rehabilitation, the work of a psychologist who deals with the emotional state of the patient is also extremely important. A stroke often divides life before and after. People often get depressed. The psychologist teaches that a stroke is not a sentence, and helps to find the motivation to live on.

The author: Margarita Shilo

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